Gilgamesh And Enkidu
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The Epic of Gilgamesh was discovered by Austen Henry Layard , Hormuzd Rassam , and W. K. Loftus in 1853.  The central character of Gilgamesh was initially reintroduced to the world as " Izdubar ", before the cuneiform logographs in his name could be pronounced accurately. The first modern translation was published in the early 1870s by George Smith .  Smith then made further discoveries of texts on his later expeditions, which culminated in his final translation which is given in his book The Chaldaean Account of Genesis (1880).